Bystanders can safely and legally spray naloxone into the nose or inject it into a muscle.
Into the nose (intranasal spray):
The Naloxone for nasal use is given with a foam tip (nebulizer, adapter, or atomizer) that is put on a syringe then placed into the nostril. Intranasal Naloxone has not been approved by the FDA (i.e., it is an “off-label” delivery method), but can be legally prescribed by a physician or approved pharmacists. First responders often give Naloxone intranasally. Click here to learn more.
Into the muscle (intramuscular injection):
Naloxone should be injected into the upper arm muscle (the deltoid) or the outer thigh. In an emergency, it is safe to inject through clothing. Click here to learn more.
Kelley-Ross Pharmacy provides training on how to administer these medications as part of our Take Home Naloxone program.